“Bankruptcy laws are very clear about when you can and cannot file bankruptcy. Because of so much misuse of the bankruptcy proceedings in the past, the laws were revised in 2007. In effect the new law made it more difficult to file a chapter 7 than in the past, but once qualified, you no longer have to lose absolutely everything. The law recognizes that people in a severe debt situation need to start with a clean and manageable slate. Losing your home and the car you use to drive to work can only make the situation worse.
As a result the bankruptcy laws now allow people to keep their home and primary cars in many situations. The personal bankruptcy laws are defined under chapter 7 or chapter 13 while businesses can file a chapter 11. The laws vary, of course, depending on which type of bankruptcy applies to your situation.