In 1977, the United States’ congress passed the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act. Commonly referred to as the Fair Debt Collection Act, this law was drafted in order to provide guidelines, procedures and limitations to regulate the activities that are done in debt collection processes. Because of the Fair Debt Collection Act, debt collectors have refrained from using threats, lies or insults to harass and intimidate debtors.
In order to understand this act, you must first have an understanding of what a debt collector is. According to the Fair Debt Collection Act, a debt collector is someone who “uses any instrumentality of interstate commerce or the mails in any business the principal purpose of which is the collection of any debts, or who regularly collects or attempts to collect, directly or indirectly, debts owed or due or asserted to be owed or due another”.