In 1963, a first and vital step toward establishing employment discrimination laws took effect in the form of the EPA. The EPA is the Equal Pay Act of 1963 that sought to rectify the gaping wage differences between working adult women and men. Today, there has been some improvement, but women still see only 77 cents to every dollar that the average American male earns.
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 added to the arsenal of employment discrimination laws as an effort to prevent hiring on the basis on race, gender, religious affiliation, or national heritage. These fall under “protected categories” and if violated, the employer can face severe monetary penalties and class-action lawsuits.