Human resources is a term used within the business world in regards to business, labor, and economics. The term human resources can have different interpretations depending on context. The term originally was used within the political economic arena or economics where human resources, then known as labor, was regarded as being one of three factors of production.
The more common context refers to people that work within a corporation. These persons within the organization typically work in the department of hiring, firing, training, and other personal issues with employees.