The Commmodity Futures Trading Commission is a US government sponsored independent body that is tasked to monitor and record futures contracts trading activities that occur on futures exchanges in the United States. It was formed by the US Congress in 1974, and has the power to suspend, fine and impose legal sanctions on an individual or a firm in the event of fraud, misconduct or other cases of rule violations.
The agency is also responsible for publishing weekly updates on the holdings of the over twenty market segments in existence today. These reports, called the ‘commitments of traders report’ or the COTR are handed out at the end of each week, usually every Friday. They contain information on open interest splits by non-reportable and reportable open interest and non-commercial and commercial open interest.